27). Each of the following sentences has one of the three types of verbals. Select I for infinitive, G for gerund, P for participle, IP for infinitive phrase, GP for gerund phrase, and PP for participial phrase to label each sentence.

1. The little dog whining in its cage should be let out so that he can run.

2. Wild Mustangs can still be found roaming parts of the American West.

3. I like to eat late at night sometimes.

4. Eating late at night is not considered healthy.

5. I can't believe she is fond of gardening.

6.The neglected machine did not perform well for long.


1. The correct answer is P, or PP. A participle phrase is one in which a verb acts as an adjective, or describes a noun. In this case, "whining" describes the dog, which is a noun. 2. The correct answer is P, or PP. Like the previous answer, the verb "roaming" in this sentence describes a noun, the mustangs. 3. The correct answer is I, or IP. An infinitive verb is one that has not yet been conjugated. It is always preceded by "to." In this case, "to eat" is an infinitive verb. 4. The correct answer is G, or GP. A gerund phrase will begin with a gerund (a verb that ends with -ing), along with any other modifiers. In this case, "eating" is a gerund, which begins the gerund phrase. 5. The correct answer is G, or GP. In this case, this sentence is a gerund phrase because the gerund verb "gardening," is acting as a noun. 6. The correct answer is P, or PP. Like answers 1 and 2, a verb in this sentence "neglected" is describing a noun (machine), which makes it an adjective.

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