Reread Polonius's "farewell speech" to Laertes in Act I, Scene iii of Hamlet and then interpret, thought by thought, this "fatherly advice" to a son returning to college. You need not write a paragraph; instead, use complete sentences to make a numbered list of your interpretation of each thought as it occurs in the text. There are eleven proverb-like thoughts in this speech.

Give thy thoughts no tongue,
Nor any unproportioned thought his act.
Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar.
Those friends thou hast, and their adoption tried,
Grapple them to thy soul with hoops of steel;
But do not dull thy palm with entertainment
Of each new-hatch'd, unfledged comrade. Beware
Of entrance to a quarrel, but being in,
Bear't that the opposed may beware of thee.
Give every man thy ear, but few thy voice;
Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judgement.
costly thy habit as thy purse can buy
, But not express'd in fancy; rich, not gaudy;
For the apparel oft proclaims the man,
And they in France of the best rank and station
Are of a most select and generous chief in that.
Neither a borrower nor a lender be;
For loan oft loses both itself and friend,
And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry.
This above all: to thine ownself be true,
And it must follow, as the night the day,
Thou canst not then be false to any man.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11.

Answers

1. Give thy thoughts no tongue,  Nor any unproportioned thought his act. - Think before you speak. Don't be rash and careless on your actions without thinking it over. 2.  Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar. - Don't be overly familiar with people to the point of intruding or being rude. 3.  Those friends thou hast, and their adoption tried, Grapple them to thy soul with hoops of steel; - It is better to have few but loyal friends than many, but fake friends. If you find loyal ones, keep them close. 4.  But do not dull thy palm with entertainment Of each new-hatch'd, unfledged comrade. - Don't spend too much time on pleasures and distractions. It's okay to meet new people but be wary.  5.  Beware Of entrance to a quarrel, but being in,  Bear't that the opposed may beware of thee. - Beware of fights. If you are in one, know that your enemy is also being careful. (Bear't = bear it in mind) 6.  Give every man thy ear, but few thy voice; - Hear every man's thoughts but listen to a few. Listen but don't eagerly share your thoughts with everyone, only to those who deserve it. 7. Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judgement.  - Listen to both sides or opinions before making a decision. 8.  costly thy habit as thy purse can buy , But not express'd in fancy; rich, not gaudy; For the apparel oft proclaims the man,  - You can be judged by how you dress up. Dress as much as your wallet can afford but don't overdress on occasions that don't require it. 9.  And they in France of the best rank and station  Are of a most select and generous chief in that.  - Try not to be flashy, instead keep it simple yet beautiful. Attitude is more important. 10. For loan oft loses both itself and friend, And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry. - Be careful in handling your money. Lending money usually ends up destroying a relationship. Borrowing money makes a person less of himself/herself. 11.  This above all: to thine ownself be true, And it must follow, as the night the day,  Thou canst not then be false to any man. - Always be true to yourself. If you are, then you will  also be true to everyone else.


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1. Give thy thoughts no tongue, Nor any unproportioned thought his act.- Be careful with your action that is why you need to plan first. 2. Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar.-Don't be confident and be too close to people that you can be rude to them. 3. Those friends thou hast, and their adoption tried,Grapple them to thy soul with hoops of steel;It is better to have few loyal friends than to have more friends that are fake. 4. But do not dull thy palm with entertainmentOf each new-hatch'd, unfledged comrade.- Do not be deceived by power. 5. BewareOf entrance to a quarrel, but being in, Bear't that the opposed may beware of thee.- Be careful with fights. 6. Give every man thy ear, but few thy voice;-Don't share your thoughts to anyone but to those who deserve it only. 7. Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judgement. -Listen to your opinions before taking up actions. 8. costly thy habit as thy purse can buy, But not express'd in fancy; rich, not gaudy;For the apparel oft proclaims the man, - You can be judged by the way you wear clothes but you need to be less materialistic. 9. And they in France of the best rank and station Are of a most select and generous chief in that. - Attitude is important so be simple but beautiful. 10. For loan oft loses both itself and friend,And borrowing dulls the edge of husbandry.- Be careful on borrowing money from others and lending your money because it can affect you and the person who borrowed your money. 11. This above all: to thine ownself be true,And it must follow, as the night the day, Thou canst not then be false to any man. - Be true to yourself.


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